UPSC in Hindi ki Puri Jaankari

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Union Public Service Commission jisko log UPSC ke naam se bhi jante hain, India ki premier central recruiting agency hai. Iss agency ki sabse bari responsibility hai appointments aur examinations central services ke Group A aur Group B ke liye. Yeh agency Royal Commission ke naam se Lord Lee of Fareham ki Chairmanship mein aur British Government ke under saal 1923 mein introduce hui thi.

Iske baad san 1935 mein Government of India Act ke under Federal Public Service Commission introduce hua tha jo azaadi ke baad ban gaya Union public service Commission, aur 26 January 1950 mein iss commission ko constitutional status milli thi.

Constitutional Status

UPSC ki Constitutional status ke bare mein India ke constitution ke Part XIV mein diya hua hai Part XIV of the Constitution of India. Iske mutabik Part XIV ke Article 315 se leke Article 323 mein, jo ki titled hain Services under Union and States, Public Service Commission ke bare mein jaankari diyi gayi hai Union aur har ek States par. UPSC humare constitution mein unn gine chune institutions mein se hai jo ki autonomy aur freedom se kaam karte hain, jaise ki Election Commission aur huamre Desh ki Higher Judiciary.

Iss article mein hum jaanenge

UPSC mein Appointment

UPSC ke Functions

UPSC ke Groups

Civil Service Exam (CSE) ki Jaankari

UPSC ki Eligibility

UPSC ka Selection Process

UPSC Syllabus in Hindi

UPSC mein Appointment 

Article 316 ke mutabik UPSC ka Chairman aur baaki members ko humare Desh ke President duwara appoint kiye jaata hai, iske alawa agar kissi bhi reason ke wajah se UPSC ke Chairman ki seat vacant hojati hai toh President commission ke baaki members mein se kissi ek member ko choose karte hain jo phir Chairman ka role leleta hai.

Article 319 ke mutabik, koi bhi insaan apne Chairman ki term ke expiratiokn ke baad uss office mein reappoint nahi ho sakta hai. Magar ek commission ka member eligible hoga reappointment ke liye as a Chairman, apne term ki expiration ke baad.

UPSC ke Functions

Article 320 ke mutabik UPSC ki duty hoti hai ki woh examinations conduct karwaayen appointments ke liye Union ki services mein.

Iske alawa Union Public Service Commission se inn matters pe consult kiya jaayega:

  • Recruitment ke tareeke civil services aur civil posts ke liye
  • Appointments karna civil services aur civil posts ke liye
  • Transfers aur promotions karna ek service se dusri service mein
  • Suitable candidates ko dhoondna aur select karna appointments, promotion aur transfers ke liye
  • Saare disciplinary matters mein jo ek serving civil servant se jude hue hon
  • Har woh award of pension ke claim jo injuries se jude hue hon uss civil servant ki jisse woh injuries service karte samein hui hon.

UPSC ke Groups

UPSC mein mainly teen Groups hote hain All India Services, Group A aur Group B jissmein candidates ko appointment diyi jaati hai. Inn groups mein candidates ko appointment apne UPSC ke selection process ki performance ke basis pe milti hai. Iska udaaharan hai ki joh candidates UPSC ke selection process mein bahut acha karte hain unhe All India Services ya Group A ki preference milti hai aur baaki candidates jo qualify kar jaate hain unhe Group B ki preference milti hai.

All India Services

Central Services (Group A)

Group B Services

Civil Service Exam (CSE) ki Jaankari

Har saal UPSC 1000 vacancies ko fill karne ke liye applicants ko invite karti hai, inn 1000 vacancies mein se, jo ki 24 services ke liye hain, 49.5% seats reservation ke under hoti hain.

2016 mein 11,35,943 candidates ne apply kiya tha UPSC ke CSE examination ke liye jissmein se antim mein sirf 4,59,659 candidates ne appera kiya tha, yehi nahi inn candidates mein se sirf 15,452 candidates hi the jinhone qualify kiya tha Mains examination ke liye. Aur end mein sir 2,961 candidates hi qualify kar paaye the final stage ke liye jo ki hoti hai Personality Test.

UPSC ke liye aur adhik jaankari ke liye vist aap karein UPSC ki official website: https://upsconline.nic.in/

Important Civil Services ki Posts ke baare mein puri jaankari paane dekhiye humare blogs:

UPSC ki Eligibility

1)Nationality

UPSC ke liye eligible hone ke liye candidates ko Indian citizen hona bahut jaruri hota hai, agar kissi candidate ke paas Indian nationality naa ho toh woh iss paper ke liye qualify nahi kar paayenge.

2)Education

UPSC ke paper ke liye eligibilty prapt karne ke liye candidates ke paas kissi bhi recognised Indian University, College ya Institution ki degree hona bahut jaruri hota hai.

3)Age

General category ki minimum age limit hoti hai 21 saal aur maximum age limit hoti hai 32 saal. iske alawa aur criteria’s age se related:

  • Scheduled caste aur Scheduled tribe (SC/ST) ke candidates ko maximum age limit mein 5 saal ki relaxation milti hai.
  • Other Backward Caste (OBC) ke candidates ko 3 saal tak ka relaxation milta hai.
  • Candidates jo Jammu & Kashmir mein January 01, 1981 se December 31, 1990 tak rahete the unko  5 saal tak ki relaxation milti hai.
  • 3 saal ki relaxation unn candidates ko milti hai jo Defense Service Personnel hote hain aur jo disabled hojate hain service ke dooran dushman desh mein ya phir desh ke kissi disturbed area mein.
  • 5 saal ki relaxation milti hai unn candidates belonging to ex-servicemen including commissioned officers and ECOs/SSCOs jinhone kam se kam 5 saal ki military service ki ho August 01, 2018 tak aur jo release hogaye hain kyunki:  
  1. Unhone apna assignment khatam kar diya hai.
  2. Jinki koi physical disability hogayi ho Military Service ke karan
  3. Ya phir invalidment ke karan 
  • 5 sal ki relaxation ECOs/SSCOs ke candidates ko jinhone initia period of assignment jo ki  5saal ki Military Service hoti hai complete kardi ho. August 01, 2018 tak, saath hi saath unka assignment extend hogaya ho initial period se zyada jiske  wajah se Ministry of Defense ek certificate issue karega jisse candidate apply kar sakte hain civil employment ke liye.
  • PWD Candidates ko relaxation upto 10 saal tak ka milta hai

4)Physical standards

Government of Indian ke duwara form kiya hua Physical test qualify karna bhi bahut important hota hai eligibility prapt karne ke liye.

  • Physically fit hona duties aur services karne ke liye bahut important hota hai.
  • Saath hi saath candidates ko mentally fit hona bhi bahut jaruri hota hai.
  • Jo candidates mental aur physical fitness ke test mein qualify nahi karte hain unn candidates ko appointment nahi milti hai.

5)English

Kissi bhi Civil Services ke profession ke liye English harr candidate ke liye madatory hota hai, English pe achi pakar ek ahut hi bari eligibility criteria hoti hai Pulic Services mein kaam karne ke liye.

UPSC ka Selection Process

UPSC ka selection process teen steps ka hota hai, jo hain:

  • Step 1- Prelims
  • Step 2- Mains
  • Step 3- Personality Test

Prelims (step 1)

UPSC ke liye qualify karne ke liye sabse pehla step Preliminary Examination yani ki Prelims ka hota hai. Prelims mein mainly do papers hote hain- ek toh General Ability Test (GAT) aur dusra Civil Service Aptitude Test (CSAT)

Mains (step 2)

Prelims clear karne ke baad next step hota hai Mains ka. Manis ke liye qualify karne ke liye candidates ko kam se kam 33% aur zyada marks lane hote hain Prelims ke exams mein. Mains mein do type ke paper hote hain- ek toh Qualifying Paper hota hai aur dusra Merita Paper hota hai.

Qualifying Paper mein do language exam hote hain, jissmein se ek candidate ki choice ki language pe hota hai aur dusra English mein.

Merit Paper mein kul mila ke 7 paper hote hain, aur saare 300 each ke hote hain.

Personality Test (step 3)

Yeh UPSC ka fianl yani ki antim step hota hai, iss stage ke liye sirf woh candidates qualify kar paate hain jo apna Mains aur Prelims clear kar jaate hain. Personality Test mein Psychometric test, Assessment test aur Personal interview included hote hain.

UPSC Syllabus in Hindi

UPSC exam mein jo cheezein poochi jaati hain unke udaaharan hain- English, General Awareness, Science, Indian Economy, etc. Syllabus ke baare mein aur jaane ke liye diye gaye link pe click karein : UPSC Syllabus

Iss article ke zariye se humari taraf se ek koshish thi ki aapko UPSC se judihar woh baat batanein. Agar aapko aur koi baat jaanani ho ya aur koi sawal ho jo aapke UPSC se jura ho toh aap nieche diye hue comments section mein likh ke humse pouch sakte hain, hume bahut khushi hogi aapke jawabon ka uttar dene mein. Humme apna kimti waqt dene ke liye bahut bahut shukriya.

UPSC Exam Centres

IAS/IPS/IFS/IRS Prelims ke Exam Centres

AgartalaCoimbatoreIndoreMysoreSiligudi
AgraCuttackItangarNagpurSrinagar
AjmeDehradunjabalpurNavi MumbaiThane
DelhiJaipurAhmedabadGautam Budh NagarThiruvananthapuram
AizawlDharwadJammuPanajiTiruchirappalli
AligarhDispurJodhpurPatnaTirupati
PrayagrajFaridabadJorhatPort BlairUdaipur
AnantapurGangtokKochiPuducherryVaranasi
AurangabadGayaKohimaPuneVellore
BangaloreGhaziabadKolkataRaipurVijayawada
Bareilly GorakhpurKozhikodeRajkotVisakhapatnam
BhopalGurgaonLucknowRanchiWarangal
BilaspurGwaliorLudhianaSambalpurChandigarh
HyderabadMaduraiShillongChennaiImphal
MumbaiShimla


IAS/IPS/IFS/IRS Mains Exam Centres

Ahmedabad DehradunMumbai
AizawlDelhiPatna
PrayagrajDispurRaipur
BengaluruHyderabadRanchi
BhopalJaipurShillong
ChandigarhJammuShimla
ChennaiKolkataThiruvananthapuram
CuttackLucknowVijayawada

Exam Centre Ki Allocation

  • Exam centre ka allocation ‘first-apply-first-allot’ ke basis pe hoti hai.
  • Jab ek centre ki capacity full hojati hai tab uski allocation hona band hojata hai
  • Aisa advise kiya jata hai ki candidates jaldi apply karein taaki unhe apne choice wala exam centre mil jaaye
  • Baad mein koi bhi candidate ki request centre change karne ke liye bilkul bhi nahi maani jaati

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